Tag: Trends

Non-Competes for California Employees in M&A Deals: Don’t Fudge It

Post-employment non-compete covenants are generally invalid in California, with certain limited but important exceptions like when a business or associated goodwill is sold and the buyer – as part of the deal – wants to prohibit certain sellers from competing with their former business. Consequently, buyers of California-based businesses generally […]

Martha Stewart Decision Draws Roadmap for Controller Sales to Third Parties

A transaction involving a controlling stockholder on both sides of the deal presents a clear conflict of interest that will result in heightened scrutiny under the “entire fairness” standard of review if later challenged. However, there is not always a conflict when the controller stands on just one side of […]

Chicago Bridge Reversal Reiterates Need for Consistent Accounting in Working Capital True-Up

The vast majority of private company acquisitions contain some type of purchase price adjustment to account for any changes in certain financial metrics (including working capital) of the target between a specified reference date (or target) and the closing date. For a variety of reasons (including the inability to predict […]

Monetizing an Earn-Out – Does That Make It a “Security?”

In life sciences/medical technology transactions, buyers and sellers often use milestone-based and sometimes royalty-based contingent consideration to compensate sellers for assets that are in various stages of development from clinical- to development-stage to product commercialization.[1]  In licensing transactions, there is an established secondary market through which licensors may monetize their […]

New Pubcos Should Consider Defensive Health in Light of ISS/GL Recommendations

ISS and Glass Lewis are continuing to apply special scrutiny to certain corporate governance provisions of “newly public” companies (generally, companies that have gone public in 2014 or later). See our December 2016 client alert. In short, the latest policies (which have evolved over the last few years) provide that […]

When Approval for a Drug “Indication” Gets Murky: Drafting Milestones to Avoid Disputes

According to a recent study by SRS of recent private life sciences deals, disputes over earn-outs arose in about one-third (36%) of all milestones that were expected to be hit by September 2016.[1] While most disputes were not about contract interpretation issues regarding whether an event triggered the milestone or […]

$2 Billion Purchase Price Dispute Over GAAP Compliance Highlights Need for Careful Drafting

Purchase price adjustments are common features (2015 SRS study: 77% of deals) of private merger agreements that are generally intended to ensure that the acquired company will have the same level of cash or working capital to operate the business post closing that it had at signing. However, if not […]

2017 M&A Trends Series: Negotiating Anti-Reliance Language

So far this year, deal parties are approaching M&A with cautious optimism. This series of Cooley M&A blog posts include some brief observations that offer some M&A highlights over the past year and our thoughts for the year to come. Negotiating Anti-Reliance Language Buyers continued to assert fraud claims in private […]

2017 M&A Trends Series: Appraisal Risks Factor High

So far this year, deal parties are approaching M&A with cautious optimism. This series of Cooley M&A blog posts include some brief observations that offer some M&A highlights over the past year and our thoughts for the year to come. Appraisal Risks Factor High In deals where stockholders have the right […]

2017 M&A Trends Series: Delaware Confronts M&A Litigation

So far this year, deal parties are approaching M&A with cautious optimism. This series of Cooley M&A blog posts include some brief observations that offer some M&A highlights over the past year and our thoughts for the year to come. Delaware Confronts M&A Litigation M&A deal litigation continues to plague most […]

SEC Announces Enforcement Action for Failure to Disclose Banker Fee Arrangements

On February 14, 2016, the SEC settled an enforcement action against CVR Energy for providing misleading disclosure about the fees payable to CVR’s two financial advisors in connection with CVR’s defense of a hostile tender offer by affiliates of Carl Icahn in 2012. The SEC did not impose any civil […]

2017 M&A Trends Series: Rep & Warranty (R&W) Insurance is Here

So far this year, deal parties are approaching M&A with cautious optimism. This series of Cooley M&A blog posts include some brief observations that offer some M&A highlights over the past year and our thoughts for the year to come. Rep & Warranty (R&W) Insurance is Here Previously, transaction insurance (or […]

2017 M&A Trends Series: Uncertain Times Cast Focus on Deal Certainty

So far this year, deal parties are approaching M&A with cautious optimism. This series of Cooley M&A blog posts include some brief observations that offer some M&A highlights over the past year and our thoughts for the year to come. Uncertain Times Cast Focus on Deal Certainty Public-target M&A deals and […]

2017 M&A Trends Series: Innovation Pressures Fuel M&A

So far this year, deal parties are approaching M&A with cautious optimism. This series of Cooley M&A blog posts include some brief observations that offer some M&A highlights over the past year and our thoughts for the year to come. Innovation Pressures Fuel M&A The WSJ has written about the rise […]

2017 M&A Trends Series: The Trump Effect

So far this year, deal parties are approaching M&A with cautious optimism. This series of Cooley M&A blog posts include some brief observations that offer some M&A highlights over the past year and our thoughts for the year to come. The Trump Effect How President Donald Trump will shape the regulatory […]

2017 M&A Trends Series: Cautious Optimism in the New Year

So far this year, deal parties are approaching M&A with cautious optimism. Over the next few days, we will run a series of Cooley M&A blog posts with some brief observations that offer some M&A highlights over the past year and our thoughts for the year to come. Cautious Optimism […]

Allergan Fined for Failure to Disclose Merger Negotiations with Third Parties During Hostile Bid

At what point do “discussions” with a friendly merger party become “negotiations” that are required to be publicly disclosed under the tender offer rules in response to a hostile bid? In a recent settlement of cease and desist proceedings against Allergan in connection with Valeant and Pershing Square’s well-publicized hostile […]

Why we Expect Private Equity to Invest More in Tech in 2017

With all the analysis on domestic and international political events and their potential impact on M&A trends, it’s easy to miss that 2016 represented the continuation of a meaningful paradigm shift in private equity. With increasing frequency, traditional private equity investors are focusing on tech. Even in the relatively slow […]

ISS and Glass Lewis Update 2017 Proxy Voting Policies

Institutional Shareholder Services (ISS) and Glass Lewis (GL), the two most influential proxy advisory firms to stockholders of public companies, recently released updates to their voting policies in 2017, including updates to their policies on “newly public” companies that have adopted anti-takeover protection measures considered “adverse to shareholder rights.” Our […]

Corp. Fin. Posts New Guidance on Banker Fee Disclosure of Alternative Fees for Tender Offers

On November 18, 2016, the Staff of the Division of Corporation Finance issued two new C&DIs that address banker fee disclosures for tender offers on Schedule 14D-9. The new C&DIs clarify that disclosure is required of “all” material terms for compensation including the types of fees payable to the financial […]

Cybersecurity Diligence in M&A Transactions

Recently, in the midst of an M&A transaction involving Verizon and Yahoo!, news broke of a Yahoo! cybersecurity breach that had occurred approximately two years earlier. This event raised a lot of speculation around what effect the breach may have on the deal, including by how much it might change […]

Private Market Trends Snapshot 2016

M&A deal terms will almost always vary based on the specific context of the transaction, including the deal price, structure and each party’s negotiating leverage. Although no amount of data can replace context-specific analysis, data-driven decision-making continues to make its way into negotiations and can, under the right circumstances, provide […]

Options to Acquire: How these Creative Acquisition Strategies Differ from a Traditional Purchase

Creative acquisition strategies are offering both buyers and targets additional opportunities to grow their businesses through M&A. One strategy that we are seeing parties use is the “option to acquire” structure, which addresses both the needs of a target company to develop a product or business on the one hand […]

Top 10 M&A Developments and Trends for 2016

Here is a look back at the top M&A developments that affected deal-making last year and a look forward to our expectations for 2016.

Cooley 1H 2014 Deal Activity

Cooley closes 97 deals with an aggregate value of $36.9 billion Cooley continues to be a leading law firm for clients seeking to transform their businesses through strategic transactions. In the first half of 2014, we advised on 91 signed M&A deals with an aggregate value of $30.7 billion. Year to date, […]

Recent Trends in Antitrust and Regulatory Risk – Shifting in M&A Agreements

The recent drumbeat of aggressive antitrust and regulatory merger enforcement has put a spotlight on the importance of understanding the antitrust and regulatory risks raised by a potential deal, and efficiently allocating that risk in the transaction agreement. While transactions in dynamic technology, healthcare/life sciences, new media and telecom industries […]

Appraisal Arbitrage – A Rising Star in the Activist Playbook

Shareholder activism gains momentum and publicity with each passing proxy season. Activist-focused funds increase capital and investor expectations, proxy contest tactics become more practiced and skillful, nominees for board positions are industry tailored and more sophisticated and social media increases the reach (and entertainment value) of activist communications. What comes […]

Ten Most Influential M&A Developments of this Millennium

As we turn the page on a new year, many of us reflect upon the noteworthy events of the past as we look forward to the future. Deal lawyers are not exempt from this phenomenon. We present herewith our choices for the 10 Most Influential M&A Developments of this Millennium […]

Developments Under Delaware Law in the Enforceability of Non-Reliance Provisions Against Fraud Claims

A series of cases in 2013 refined the law in Delaware relating to the enforceability of non-reliance clauses. Non-Reliance clauses are generally intended to limit a buyer’s ability to make fraud claims based upon representations made outside of the acquisition agreement (e.g., in diligence materials in the data room, spoken […]